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Orderable Document List

Official(made by Sanity team)
v3 Ready

By Simeon Griggs

Drag-and-drop Document Ordering without leaving the Editing surface


Drag-and-drop Document Ordering without leaving the Editing surface.

2022-04-26 12 23 39

This plugin aims to be OS-like in that you can select and move multiple documents by holding shift and clicking a second item, and toggling on/off selections by holding command/control.


A Sanity Studio with Desk Structure configured.


sanity install @sanity/orderable-document-list

1. Import the Document List into your Desk Structure

The config parameter requires type and also accepts title and icon.

// ./src/desk-structure/index.js (or similar)

import S from '@sanity/desk-tool/structure-builder'
import {orderableDocumentListDeskItem} from '@sanity/orderable-document-list'

export default () =>
      // Minimum required configuration
      orderableDocumentListDeskItem({type: 'category'}),

      // Optional configuration
        type: 'project',
        title: 'Projects',
        icon: Paint
        // Required if using multiple lists of the same 'type'
        id: 'orderable-en-projects',
        // See notes on adding a `filter` below
        filter: `__i18n_lang == $lang`,
        params: {
          lang: 'en_US'

      // ... all other desk items

Caution: Adding a filter

By default, the plugin will display all documents of the same type. However, you may wish to add a filter to reduce this down to a subset of documents. A typical usecase is for internationalized document schema to order documents of just the base language version.

However, order ranks are still computed based on all documents of the same type. Creating multiple lists with different filter settings could produce unexpected results.

2. Add the orderRank field to your schema(s).

You must pass in the type of the schema, to create an initialValue value.

Additionally, pass in overrides for the field, such as making it visible by passing hidden: false.

You cannot override the name, type or initialValue attributes.


// ./src/schema/category.js (or similar)

import {
} from '@sanity/orderable-document-list';

export default {
  name: 'category',
  title: 'Category',
  type: 'document',
  // Optional: The plugin also exports a set of 'orderings' for use in other Document Lists
  orderings: [orderRankOrdering],
  fields: [
    // Minimum required configuration
    orderRankField({ type: 'category' }),

    // OR you can override _some_ of the field settings
    orderRankField({ type: 'category', hidden: false }),

    // ...all other fields

3. Generate initial Ranks

On first load, your Document list will not have any Order. You can select "Reset Order" from the menu in the top right of the list. You can also re-run this at any time.

The orderRankField will query the last Document to set an initialValue to come after it. New Documents always start at the end of the Ordered list.

Querying Ordered Documents

Now when writing a GROQ Query for Documents, use the orderRank field value to return ordered results:

*[_type == "category"]|order(orderRank)


To get this first version out the door there are few configuration settings and a lot of opinions. Such as:

  • The name of the orderRank field is constant
  • The ability to only sort across all Documents of a type

Feedback and PRs welcome :)

How it works

Uses kvandakes's TypeScript implementation of Jira's Lexorank to create a "lexographical" Document order.

Put simply it updates the position of an individual – or many – Documents in an ordered list without updating any others. It's fast.


MIT © Simeon Griggs See LICENSE

Studio Version

This plugin is available for Studio v3 and Studio v2.What are studio versions and which do I choose?


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